Red Alder

Common Name(s)Red Alder
Scientific NameAlnus rubra
DistributionPacific Northwest region of North America
Tree Size60-80 ft (18-24 m) tall, 2-3 ft (.6-.9 m) trunk diameter
Average Dried Weight28 lbs/ft3 (450 kg/m3)
Specific Gravity0.45
Janka Hardness590 lbf (2,620 N)
Modulus of Rupture10,800 psi (74.5 MPa)
Elastic Modulus1.30 million psi (8.96 GPa)
Crushing Strength5,440 psi (37.5 MPa)
ShrinkageRadial: 4.9%, Tangential: 8.3%, Volumetric: 13.8%
Color/AppearancePale yellow to reddish-brown
Grain/TextureGenerally straight-grained with a uniform, medium texture
Rot ResistanceRed Alder is not resistant to decay
WorkabilityEasy to work with hand and machine tools, turns, glues, stains, and finishes well
OdorNo characteristic odor
Allergies/ToxicityNo known health risks or allergic reactions
Pricing/AvailabilityInexpensive and widely available
SustainabilityRed Alder is a sustainable and renewable resource
Common UsesFurniture, cabinetry, paneling, turning, carving, musical instruments, plywood


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