White Ash


White Ash, scientifically known as Fraxinus americana, is a hardwood species that is native to eastern and central North America. It is a tall and slender tree that can reach up to 80-120 feet in height, with a trunk diameter of 2-3 feet. The wood of White Ash is highly valued for its strength, flexibility, and attractive appearance.

The heartwood of White Ash is light to medium brown in color, while the sapwood is a paler yellowish-white. The wood has a straight grain pattern with a coarse texture and a moderate natural luster, which adds to its visual appeal. White Ash has an average dried weight of 42 lbs/ft3 (675 kg/m3) and a specific gravity of 0.67, which makes it less dense than other hardwoods like oak and maple.

White Ash is highly prized for its excellent working properties, as it is easy to saw, glue, and nail. It also has good bending properties, which makes it an ideal choice for furniture, sports equipment, and other items that require flexibility. The wood is widely used for flooring, furniture, cabinets, tool handles, and veneer.

White Ash is rated as moderately resistant to decay, making it suitable for outdoor use. However, it is threatened by the Emerald Ash Borer and other pests and diseases, which has led to concerns about the sustainability of the species. Despite these challenges, White Ash remains a popular choice for a wide range of applications, and it is widely available and moderately priced throughout North America.

Common Name(s)White Ash
Scientific NameFraxinus americana
DistributionEastern and Central North America
Tree Size80-120 ft (24-37 m) tall, 2-3 ft (.6-.9 m) trunk diameter
Average Dried Weight42 lbs/ft3 (675 kg/m3)
Specific Gravity0.67
Janka Hardness1,320 lbf (5,870 N)
Modulus of Rupture14,500 psi (100.0 MPa)
Elastic Modulus1.94 million psi (13.38 GPa)
Crushing Strength7,620 psi (52.5 MPa)
ShrinkageRadial: 4.8%, Tangential: 9.9%, Volumetric: 14.6%
Color/AppearanceLight to medium brown, heartwood can have a grayish or light brown tint
Grain/TextureStraight-grained with a coarse texture and moderate natural luster
Rot ResistanceWhite Ash is rated as moderately resistant to decay
WorkabilityExcellent working properties, easy to saw, glue, and nail
OdorNo characteristic odor
Allergies/ToxicityNo known health risks or allergic reactions
Pricing/AvailabilityWhite Ash is moderately priced and widely available throughout North America
SustainabilityWhite Ash is threatened by the Emerald Ash Borer and other pests and diseases
Common UsesFlooring, furniture, cabinets, tool handles, sports equipment, and veneer


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