Tilia Henryana Tree


Tilia henryana stands out as a unique and culturally significant tree species with ornamental, medicinal, and ecological value. Its graceful appearance, fragrant flowers, and symbolic significance make it a valuable addition to any landscape. By understanding its origins, growing requirements, and conservation status, we can appreciate and contribute to the preservation of this remarkable species.

Vivid green linden leaves with serrated edges and clusters of small flowers
Tilia Henryana Tree

Beyond its practical uses, Tilia henryana holds cultural significance as a symbol of longevity and resilience in Chinese folklore. The tree’s graceful appearance and ability to thrive in diverse conditions have made it a metaphor for endurance and strength.

Tilia henryana thrives in well-drained, loamy soil and prefers a sunny to partially shaded location. While it can tolerate a range of soil pH levels, slightly acidic to neutral soil is ideal for optimal growth. This tree is also moderately drought-tolerant once established but benefits from regular watering during dry spells.

Characteristics of Tilia Henryana Tree

Scientific NameTilia henryana
Common NamesHenry’s lime, Henry’s linden
Native RegionCentral and western China
Plant TypeDeciduous tree
SizeCan grow up to 20 meters (65 feet) tall
LeavesHeart-shaped, glossy green on the upper surface, paler underneath, serrated edges
FlowersSmall, fragrant yellow flowers in summer, attracting pollinators like bees and butterflies
PropagationCan be propagated from seeds or cuttings
Drought ToleranceModerate drought tolerance once established
Cultural UsesValued for its medicinal properties in traditional Chinese medicine
Ecological RoleProvides habitat and food for various wildlife species
Notable SpeciesTilia henryana var. sublaxiflora, Tilia henryana var. tomentosa
Hardiness ZonesTypically suitable for zones 6-9
Growth RateModerate
LifespanCan live for several decades under optimal conditions

Botanical Beauty of “Tilia henryana”

Tree-lined avenue with a leafy green canopy creating a shaded pathway

Tilia henryana’s allure transcends its visual appeal to encompass ecological significance and cultural value. Adorned with heart-shaped leaves and fragrant yellow flowers, this tree brings elegance to any landscape, blending beauty with purpose.

Woodland Elegance

The graceful form and glossy foliage of Tilia henryana make it a prized choice for woodland gardens, parks, and arboretums. Whether as a standalone specimen or part of mixed borders, its presence elevates the aesthetic charm of any environment, showcasing its innate elegance.

A single yellow leaf stuck on the rugged bark of a large tree.
A lone yellow leaf stands out against the rugged bark of a large tree.

Ecological Importance

Beyond its ornamental charm, Tilia henryana plays a pivotal role in fostering biodiversity. Attracting pollinators with its flowers and providing shelter and sustenance for insects and birds, it also aids in mitigating air pollution in urban settings while offering shade and habitat for wildlife.

Cultivation and Conversation

To ensure the thriving health of Tilia henryana, planting in well-drained loamy soil in a sunny to partially shaded spot is crucial. Regular watering during dry periods supports its growth. Conservation initiatives focus on safeguarding this species from habitat loss and deforestation through cultivation in botanical gardens to preserve genetic diversity and raise awareness for conservation efforts.

"Autumn scene with a path lined by trees with golden leaves and sunlight streaming through


The sweet scent of Tilia henryana’s flowers perfumes the air during summer, enhancing its appeal to gardeners and nature enthusiasts alike with its delightful fragrance that adds to its overall charm.

Ground-level view of fallen autumn leaves on a path with a row of trees in the distance

Soil Stabilization

In addition to its aesthetic and ecological benefits, Tilia henryana aids in soil stabilization with its extensive root system, effectively preventing erosion on slopes or vulnerable areas, making it a practical choice for landscaping projects.

Common Uses

In traditional Chinese medicine, various parts of Tilia henryana are utilized to address ailments like coughs, fevers, and digestive concerns. Its durable wood finds applications in furniture-making, carving, and woodworking due to its strength and longevity.

Herbal composition with elderflower, chamomile, fresh green leaves, and herbal pills on white


From medicinal properties to ecological significance and ornamental value, Tilia henryana offers a diverse array of benefits. Whether seeking a visually appealing garden addition or a tree with cultural importance and ecological contributions, Tilia henryana stands out as a versatile and beneficial choice.

Different Species

Fresh green leaves of a beech tree with delicate serrated edges in a natural setting

Tilia henryana var. sublaxiflora

Tilia henryana var. sublaxiflora exhibits subtle variations in leaf shape or size compared to the standard Tilia henryana, adding unique characteristics to this variety within the species.

Tilia henryana var. tomentosa

Tilia henryana var. tomentosa is distinguished by a potentially denser hairy or tomentose underside of the leaves, setting it apart from the typical Tilia henryana and providing distinct features within this variant.

Purple wisteria flowers in bloom, hanging from a branch with green leaves, in a garden setting

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

  1. Is Tilia henryana difficult to grow?
    • While it has specific preferences regarding soil and sunlight, Tilia henryana is relatively easy to grow once established.
  2. Can Tilia henryana be grown in containers?
    • Yes, Tilia henryana can be grown in large containers, provided they have adequate drainage and room for root development.
  3. Does Tilia henryana attract wildlife?
    • Yes, the fragrant flowers of Tilia henryana attract bees and butterflies, making it a valuable addition to pollinator-friendly gardens.
  4. How tall does Tilia henryana typically grow?
    • Tilia henryana can reach heights of up to 20 meters (65 feet) when mature, though its growth rate may vary depending on environmental conditions.
  5. Is Tilia henryana suitable for urban planting?
    • Yes, Tilia henryana is tolerant of urban pollution and compacted soil, making it well-suited for planting in urban environments.
  6. What type of soil does Tilia henryana prefer?
    • Tilia henryana thrives in well-drained, loamy soil with a slightly acidic to neutral pH.
  7. Does Tilia henryana require pruning?
    • While Tilia henryana generally has a tidy growth habit, occasional pruning may be necessary to remove dead or damaged branches and maintain its shape.
  8. How often should I water Tilia henryana?
    • Water newly planted Tilia henryana trees regularly to establish a strong root system. Once established, they are moderately drought-tolerant but benefit from occasional deep watering during dry spells.
  9. Are there any pests or diseases that affect Tilia henryana?
    • Tilia henryana is generally resistant to pests and diseases, but it may be susceptible to aphids, scale insects, and fungal diseases in certain conditions.
  10. Can Tilia henryana be grown from seeds?
    • Yes, Tilia henryana can be propagated from seeds collected from mature trees. However, it may take several years for seed-grown specimens to reach maturity and start flowering.
Forestry Author


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